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Ejections for
 1944

Bail-Outs for 1944

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   January  

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crashed crew

photo

 
seat

   February 

SWEDEN 1944



                                                                                                                                       photo Saab


SAAB Ejection test carried out from the rear of a converted B 17

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crashed crew photo seat

 

   March

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crashed crew photo seat

 

 April  

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crashed crew photo seat
11/12th April 1944 Luftwaffe Heinkel He-219   Venlo Intercepted by a Mosquito from 239 Sqd. Crashed near Weert, Nertherlands Gefreiter Werner Perbix.   Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz
Unteroffizier Herter   Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz

I was pleased to see your site and I looked immediately to April 1944: in the night of 11/12th April 1944 a He219 took off from Luftwaffe airfield Venlo, east of my hometown Venlo. The crew was Unteroffizier Herter (surname still unknown) and Gefreiter Werner Perbix. The aircraft was intercepted by a Mosquito from 239 Sqd. , the location given as 'near Aachen'. The crew left the He219, using the ejection seats for the first time under operational combat conditions. So far, they might be rightfully appointed to be the first crew who saved their lives by means of ejection under combat conditions. Unfortunately, the serial number of this He219 has not been discovered too, but the remains of this nightfighter were excavated in the 1970's by the Dutch air force near Weert, a town in the southeast area of the Netherlands.

Hoping that this small contribution was worth mentioning, all the best,

Drs. Marcel A.L.M. Hogenhuis / Venlo

(Chairman of the Förderverein Ehemaliger Fliegerhorst Venlo) see: www.fliegerhorst-venlo.net

 

NOTE by site author
In his memoirs Ernst Heinkel mentions that the two crew were awarded 1000 Reichsmarks each as a reward for being the first crew to use the ejection seat ("Katapultsitzen") in an emergency combat situation
 

 

 May  

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crew photo seat
19th May, 1944 Luftwaffe Heinkel He-219 V6 DH + PV

Werknr.
190006

pilot - Joachim Eisermann flew aircraft during ejection test   Erprobungsspringer Wilhem Buss Dornier ? (compressed air) katapultsitz
19th / 20th May 1944    (nightflight) Luftwaffe He 219A-O 190116

G9+DC

II./NJG 1 Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz
Leutnant Otto Fries ejected, wounded in action  

1st ejection

Feldwebel Alfred Staffa ejected wounded in action

1st ejection

Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz

On night Operations for home defence the righthand engine suddenly exploded into flames - probably due to enemy fire. Control response was marginal and, after jettisoning canopy, the pilot lost control of the aircraft. Wireless Operator baled out and was severley wounded on landing with his parachute. Lt Fries could not regain sufficient control to try landing the burning aircraft and ejected. He landed unhurt by means of his parachute. The aircraft crashed at 01.25 hrs 3 Km south of s´Hertogenbosch and was destroyed.

Possibly shot down by Mosquito Night-fighter "R" 85 Sqn flown by F/Lt K.D. Vaughan & F/Sgt R.D. McKinnon

The report explicitly states "Lt Fries... ejected". The report of Herr Thesenfitz to Heinkel gives the W/O´s name as "Staffer" -which seems to be the correct spelling, "Staffa" could be just a phonetic spelling of the name!

 

   June    

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crew photo seat
4th June 1944 Luftwaffe He 219A-O 190188

G9+BL

I./NJG 1    Hauptmann Heinz Eicke,  unhurt ejected near river
Schelde
  Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz
Oberfeldwebel Heinz Gall, killed in action    

The crew flew on a night target-simulation. After about 1 1/2 hrs flight time the aircraft was attacked from the rear. There had been no warning from either the Radarcontroller or the Wireless Operator. The left engine immediately burst into flames and could not be exstinguished. Pilot landed with his parachute and was not hurt, the W/O was found dead with his parachute not deployed about 500m from the crashsite. The airplane crashed 400m north of Wilhelminsdorp.

Probably shot down by Mosquito Night-fighter NF MkVIII HK248 of RAF 219 Sqn flown by Pilot Officers D.T.Tull & P.J. Cowgill

The report only mentions the parachute landing, not the way the pilot left the aircraft

6th June 1944 Luftwaffe He 219A-O 190177

G9+JK

I./NJG 1     Leutnant Ernst Mauß, wounded in action   Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz
Unteroffizier Günter Kraus, killed in action    

                       The crew took off on 05-06-44 at 23.01 hrs on a night target simulation. Due to weather closing in they were recalled to Grove. While overflying the field in the penetration-procedure in southerly direction the left engine lost RPM and, after power could not be restored, was shut down. The engine burst into flames explosively, also noted by the Wireless Op. Pilot ordered the bale-out and the canopy was jettisoned by the W/O. At this instant crew communication broke and, after twice calling the W/O, the pilot ejected successfully. The W/O´s remains were found in the crashed  aircraft near the road Herning - Silkeborg, 8 Km East of Herning and 4 Km South of Ikast.

The report states only the bale-out, but does not specify it was an ejection.

Details  also seen as Erwin Mauz, aircraft as G9+1K

12th June, 1944 Luftwaffe Heinkel He-219 V6 DH + PV

Werknr.
190006

pilot - Joachim Eisermann flew aircraft during ejection test   Erprobungsspringer Wilhem Buss

Do 335 seat at
differing pressure

Dornier ? (compressed air) katapultsitz
22nd June 1944 Luftwaffe He 219A-O 190203 

G9+LF 

II./NJG 1 Oberleutnant Johannes Hager, unhurt    Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz
Feldwebel Hubert v. Bergen,  killed in action    
Feldwebel Robert Körschgen, wounded in action    

 On night Operations for home defence over the Schelde estuary the aircraft was hit by return fire from a tailgunner and the Wireless  Operator was killed. The Air Gunner baled out and was lightly wounded in the process. The damaged aircraft was recovered at  Eindhoven A/D by the pilot.

The report only mentions the W/O taking to his parachute, again no direct mention of an ejection. There appears to be some confusion with the crew of this aircraft. The He-219 being a two seat aircraft.

 Air Gunner´s name also given as: Feldwebel Robert Kürschgen

 

   July     

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crew seat photo
6th July 1944 Luftwaffe He 219A-O I./NJG 1    Oberfeldwebel Josef Ströhlein, unhurt Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz  
Unteroffizier Keune, unhurt Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz  

After attacking B-17 bomber at about 01.45 hrs

Is this possible - normally B-17s did not do Night Operations, that could be a mis-identification ?

". . . 214 squadron was re-equipped with B-17s for electronic countermeasures including jamming and spoofing by German-speaking crewmembers.  I believe they were active by early July 1944.  My source is the excellent book "A Thousand Shall Fall" by Murray Peden, a Canadian 214 pilot."
Fred Mitchell,   Dallas, TX
(Feedback received with thanks Friday 19th August 2005)

                                                              

 

the aircraft was severly damaged by return fire and crashed. The crew baled out successfully.

The report only states that the crew escaped by means of parachute but nothing about the way the got out of the aircraft.

 

   August     

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crew photo seat
13th August 1944 Luftwaffe

He 219A-O

  I./NJG 1  Leutnant Ewald Hittler ejected, unhurt     Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz
Unteroffizier Friedhelm Wildschütze ejected, unhurt    Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz

On night Ops shot down by Night Intruder near Wilhelmshaven. Crew escaped unhurt by means of parachute. Aircraft shot down at 00:13h crashing into the Schillig Straits.        

It seems the reports are getting ever more terse, again no details are given about the way the crew got out of the aircraft. These ejections were verbally confirmed by Ltn. Otto H. Fries

 

   September     

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crashed crew seat photo

 

   October    

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crew photo seat
15th October 1944 Luftwaffe He 219A-O 190059

G9+EH

I./NJG 1 Unteroffizier Franz Frankenhauser, unhurt    Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz
Unteroffizier Helmut Biank, killed in action    

On night Ops fired on by Night Intruder - Left engine and wing set on fire. The pilot saved himself by means of parachute, the W/O was  killed

The report does not state whether the W/O was killed by the enemy fire or in the process of baling out.

 

   November   

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crew photo seat
5th November 1944 Luftqaffe He 219A-O 190182

G9+HL

I./NJG 1 Oberfeldwebel Wilhelm Morlock, killed in action    
Unteroffizier Alfred Soika, unhurt (?)   Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz
Crashed at 20:00h near Ibbenbühren. Pilot found dead in wreckage, the bordfunker escaped by means of a parachute.
27th November 1944 Luftwaffe He 219A-O    I./NJG 1 Unteroffizier Hugo Oppermann, unhurt      Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz
Unteroffizier Hansen, unhurt   Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz

Aircraft crashed due to engine fire. The crew baled out with their parachutes.

Again no mention of the way the crew got out of the aircraft.

 

 

   December     

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crew photo seat
18th December 1944 Luftwaffe He 219A-O 190229

G9+GH

I./NJG 1 Unteroffizier Herbert Scheuerlein, unhurt   Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz
Unteroffizier Hans-Günther Heinze, killed in action   Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz

On night Ops the aircraft was shot down at 22.15 hrs by a Night Intruder near Südlohn in the County Ahaus/westfalen. The pilot  escaped by means of parachute, the W/O was killed.

The report does not state whether the W/O was killed by the enemy fire or in the process of baling out, again no mention of the way the crew got out of the aircraft.

W/O also given as Unteroffizier Max-Günther Heinze and found with unopened parachute

31st December 1944 Luftwaffe He 219A-2 290184

G9+FL

I./NJG 1  Oberleutnant Heinz Oloff, wounded in action   Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz
Feldwebel Helmut Fischer, wounded in action   Heinkel (compressed air) katapultsitz

On night Ops the aircraft was shot down by a Night Intruder near Schleiden. The crew escaped by means of parachute, the aircraft crashed near Kloster Steinfeld.

 Again no mention of the way the crew got out of the aircraft. This crew also ejected on the 20th March 1945

31st December 1944 Luftwaffe He 219A-2 290194

G9+KL

I./NJG 1  ???    
???    

 Is this aircraft confused with the above entry - note similarity of both wknr and coding