WORK IN PROGRESS

List being compiled

Chronological Listing of Romanian
Losses & Ejections
Early Romanian Losses and Bailouts
Helicopter Losses & Mishaps
Romanian Fixed Wing & Propellor Aircraft Losses

                 
Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial based crashed crew photo seat
   
30th October 1952
Romania
MiG-15 06 158 Regiment Craiova Mid-air collision Pilot Lt. Sandor Liviu killed
no ejection
  K-1

Romania
MiG-15 02 158 Regiment Craiova Pilot Lt. Negrutiu Ioan killed
no ejection
  K-1

Four plane close formation flight. 200m after take-off the front pair started a turn. The leader of the second pair, Sandor, from 300m behind, closed in at high speed and collided with Negrutiu, the leader of the first pair.
Both crashed, one of the MiGs started to burn in the air, the other only after the impact. This was the first fatal accident involving Romanian AF jets.

   
5th November 1952
Romania
MiG-15   226 Regiment
Deveselu
  Lt.Maj. Mircea Silbac
Romanian, pilot
  K-1

                                                                                                                              photo source: "Orizont Aviatic".
   
5th November 1952
Romania
MiG-15   226 Regiment
Deveselu
 crashed at night, in bad weather due to
pilots disorientation - one in the area of
Ramnicu-Valcea, the other near Slatina.
Cpt. Valeri Ivanov.
Soviet advisor,
  K-1
   
1st August 1955
Romania
Il-28 R 403 282 Bomber Regiment based at Boteni crashed at Bacau. Cause unknown Fate of crew unknown    
   
25th January 1957
Romania
MiG-15UTI   172 Fighter
Regiment at Mihail Kogalniceanu
 
 
   
Lt.Maj. Cocis Ludovic
killed
Lt. Baboniu Dumitru
killed
 
   
spring 1958
Romania
MiG-19P 809 226 Fighter Regiment Deveselu Stalled at take-off due to slow response of the
horizontal stabilizer - probably a fault in the hydraulic system. Hard landing, no ejection. Nothing
found wrong at the technical inspection afterwards
Lt-Col. Nicolae Borzea unhurt  
   
3rd December 1958
Romania
MiG-15   172 Fighter
Regiment at Mihail Kogalniceanu
  Maj. Tarnaveanu Oliviu
killed
   
   
summer-autumn 1958
Romania
MiG-19P 809 206 Fighter Regiment Fetesti Stalled shortly after take-off, crashed in a corn field in Rasova village. Lt.Maj. Vatca
ejected
but was found
dead in the seat, which did not have the height and position to properly deploy - killed
   
   
4th June 1959
Romania
 MiG-19P 801 91
Regiment at Deveselu
written off      
   
13th September 1960
Romania
 MiG-19PM 022   written off      
   
25th July 1961
Romania
MiG-19PM 021   written off      
   
12th June 1962
Romania
MiG-15   57th Regiment at Mihail Kogalniceanu   Lt.Maj. Stanila George
killed
   
   
October 1962
Romania
MiG-15   49 Fighter Regiment at Alexeni Belly landed Iosif Rus did not eject, escaped unhurt. Later (1986-1990) he became Commander in Chief of the Air Force
picture is from the 1990's
 
Engine stall due to compressor failure right after takeoff, at 100-150 meters. After gliding for 6-7 km, he landed with the wheels up and flaps down on a freshly ploughed field near the Garbovi train station, stopping just a few meters from the railway embankment.
   
20th November 1962
Romania
MiG-19PM 023   written off      
   
?? ?? 1963
Romania
MiG-15   20 Regiment Boboc stalled and crashed at take-off

 

Cpt. Barbu (instructor on the MiG-15) was killed    
   
?? ?? 196?
Romania
MiG-15   20 Regiment Boboc stalled while turning inside a cloud to line-up for landing Cpt. Calin ejected safely    
   
4th July 1963
Romania
MiG-15   49th Fighter Regiment Alexeni crashed Major Stefan Scortea
killed
   
   
29th September 1964
Romania
MiG-21F-13      crashed pilot killed   SK
   
3rd February 1965
Romania
MiG-21F-13   57th Regiment at Mihail Kogalniceanu   Lt.Maj. Ciurariu Costache
killed
   
   
15th May 1970
Romania
L-29 36 20th regiment at Boboc lost      
   
22nd July 1970
Romania
MiG-19PM 024  91 Regiment at
Deveselu
written off      
   
June 1972   MiG-21   86 Regiment Fetesti night training
flight
Major Lazarescu ejected safely    
   
30th August 1972
Romania
L-29 45 20th regiment at Boboc   lost      
   
4th September 1972
23.00

Romania
MiG-21   86 Regiment Fetesti   Cdr. Ioan Zapartan
[
commander of the 86th Regiment]
 ejected safely and walked 7-8 km
back to base
 
Just after take-off, while the aircraft was at 3-400 meters and going at 700 km/h in full afterburner two compressor blades detached and punctured fuselage fuel
tank no. 7. The leaking fuel tank exploded seconds later, at 5-600 meters altitude and at a speed of around 1000 km/h. The tail and engine detached from the rest of the plane, which glided for another 7 km before crashing in a field
   
July 1974
Romania
MiG-21 R 2037 31 Rec. Sqn. based at Timisoara crashed near Timisoara      
   
12th June 1975
Romania
MiG-21   57th Regiment at Mihail Kogalniceanu        
Lt.Col. Pop Aurel
killed
Lt.Col. Bulancea Dumitru
killed
 
   
20th May 1976
Romania
MiG-21   57th Regiment at Mihail Kogalniceanu   Maj. Costache Dumitru
killed
   
   
13th July 1976
Romania
MiG-21   57th Regiment at Mihail Kogalniceanu   Lt. Radu Stefan
killed
   
   
March 1977
Romania
MiG-21 R 2011 31 Rec. Sqn. based at Timisoara crashed near Hitias, in Timisoara county      
   
8th September 1977
Romania
MiG-21   57th Regiment at Mihail Kogalniceanu   Lt. Oprita Traian
killed
   
   
30th September 1977
Romania
MiG-21UM 9531 91 Rg
Deveselu
      KM-1
   
24th November 1977
Romania
IAR-93DC RO-003 CIZ
Craiova
15th test flight, intended to determine the maximum
level speed at 900 m (1,984 ft). Tail flutter caused the left stabilizer to break at a speed of 1045 km/h (650 mph) and an altitude of 500 m (1,102 ft, after which the aircraft entered an uncontrollable spin.
    Martin-Baker Mk6

Col. Gheorghe Stanica ejected safely

Col. Petre Ailiesei ejected safely Martin-Baker Mk6
or
 Mk RU10J

CONFIRM ??

   
8th October 1979
Romania
MiG-21   57th Regiment at Mihail Kogalniceanu   Lt.Maj. Istrate Ilie
killed
   
   
20th February 1979
Romania
IAR-93

SCH

RO-004 67 Rg
Craiova
Crashed during an aerobatics demonstration at Craiova

Cpt. Eng. Dobre Stan

died, did not eject

  Martin-Baker
Mk.6
   
20th September 1979
Romania
Martin-Baker Mk6
IAR-93A prototype White RO-001 CIZ
Craiova
Both engines flamed-out during one of the test flights Col. Ilie  P.  Botea ejected safely
photo: Orizont Aviatic
   
15th February 1980
Romania
???           Martin-Baker
   
8th March 1983
Romania
IAR-93A

Pre-series 1

RO-113 67 Rg
Craiova
Crashed on landing, following pilot error Maj. Ion G. Tanase ejected safely   Martin-Baker Mk10
   

24th April 1984


Romania

MiG-23 UB

140
57 Regiment
Mihail Kogalniceanu
Engine stopped at 1500 meters above Nicolae Balcescu
village, just before landing at Mihail Kogalniceanu.
After three attempts to restart it, the crew initiated
the ejection sequence at barely 60 meters.
Col. Dumitru Tache ejected suffered a broken leg and a
dislocated shoulder, as the chute did not have enough
time to properly inflate
Lt.Col. Mircea Budiaci ejected safely KM-1M
   
28th November 1984
Romania
MiG-21M   57th Regiment at Mihail Kogalniceanu   Lt. Rosu Mihai
killed
   
   
17th July 1985
Romania A. F.
Hong H-5
[Il-28]
710 38th Reconnaisance
Sqn. Fetesti
Crashed  during the
acceptance flight after overhaul at Bacau.
 

The aircraft received wing damage during a landing at Fetesti and was brought by train at Bacau for repairs. The wing was replaced with one taken from a retired Il-28. At the acceptance flight, after take-off the aircraft was very slow in gaining height, the pilot reported maneuverability problems and intended to turn back for landing. Crashed some 10 km from the runway.

 

, navigator and gunner died, the height was insufficient for bailout. Nevertheless, the gunner’s hatch was found open – he attempted to escape

     
Maj. Giju Gheorghe
Pilot
Cpt.Teodorescu Pompiliu
navigator
Plt. Martolea Mihai
gunner 
   
14th August 1986
Romania
IAR-99 serial S-002
[second prototype]
CCIZ
Craiova
      Martin-Baker Mk10
Col. Grigorie M. Stoica
ejected safely
 Col. Mihai Ionescu
ejected safely
   
?? September 1986
Romania
MiG-23UB 110 93 Rg Timisoara Engine stall when the afterburner was shut down after take-off, crashed at 17 km from Timisoara.      
Dionisie Mircea ejected safely Gheorghe Sitaru ejected safely KM-1M
   
20th April 1989
15.31

Romania

 

 

 

 

Lt. Col. Doru Davidovici died, did not eject
   
MiG-21UM 6946 86 Rg Fetesti   Lt. Dumitru Petra died, did not eject KM-1

The plane crashed during the 4th (and final) turn before landing, near the village of Jegalia. The cause of the crash was not officially confirmed, but rumours indicate that the MiG entered the wake turbulence of another fighter which caused the engine to stop or a severe loss of lift on the wings. Others say that the pilots tried to perform a loop too low.

   
8th September 1989
Romania
MiG-21 MF 9704   crashed Cirip
ejected safely
   
   

?? ??? 1990


Romania
IAR-93 DC 601 49 Rg Ianca  

damaged, ejection not necessary

  MB Mk10
   
25th June 1990
Romania

IAR-99 prototype

S-001 CIZ Craiova Crashed during an aerobatics rehearsal flight - while flying inverted at low level over the runway at Craiova, it plunged down. The pilots tried to roll it upwards, but it was already too low and the right wingtip touched the runway  

Lt. Col. Vagner Stefanel
did not eject

died due to the impact and subsequent fire.

Lt. Col. Ionescu Mihai
ejected, but the height was insufficient and he hit the runway while still in the seat and died
MB Mk10
   
31st July
1990
11:20

Romania
MiG-21MF-75 6408 93 Regiment
based at Timisoara.
The cause of the crash could not
be determined
Lt. Maj. Pop Osz "Puck" Pavel was killed. He hit a
wall of rock from Curcubata Mare massif from the
Apuseni Mountains range. Body found five days after crash
 
   
31st December 1990
Romania
IAR-93     EXACT DATE NEEDED ???   Martin-Baker
   
2nd April 1991
Romania A. F.
Hong H-5
[Il-28]
701 38th Reconnaisance
Sqn. Fetesti
  The crew of 3 died Further details needed  
     
Lt.Maj. Dogaru Valentin
killed
Maj. Sandulache Laurentiu
killed
Cpt. Ripan Ion
killed
  2nd April 1991 H-5 crash the crew was: ,  and
?? June 1991
Romania
MiG-21R 2017 31 Rec. Sqn. Timisoara   pilot ejected
safely
  KM-1
   
9th July 1991
Romania
MiG-21 two-seater 9566 86 Regiment at
Fetesti
      KM-1M
Lt. Col. Truta Florea killed Mj. Pintilie Constantin killed KM-1M
   
9th September 1991
Romania
MiG-29-(9-12
Fulcrum
"47"
4208 32047
 57 Regiment, Mihail Kogalniceanu burnt on ground Aircraft not occupied no ejections K-36
   
8th October 1991
Romania
MiG-23 UB 182 57th Regiment at Mihail
Kogalniceanu
Landing gear retracted during take-off run. The aircraft was destroyed Cornel
Surcu
Platon Strejea  
Ejection wasn't necessary for the pilots
   
27th February 1992
Romania
MiG-21   86 Regiment at
Fetesti
Crashed during a night flight, north
of Fetesti.
Col. Nistor Constantin killed    
   
8th April 1992
Romania
MiG-21US 3909 86 Rg Fetesti crashed near Buhusi,
in Bacau county
    KM-1
killed killed KM-1
   
6th July 1992
Romania
MiG-29UB
(9-51) 

Fulcrum
"29" N50903016229  57 Regiment, Mihail Kogalniceanu

Crashed near Mihail Kogalniceanu
NO Ejections ?

  K-36
Lt. Col. Tudor Ioan killed Mj. Edu Adrian killed
   
25th August 1992
Romania
IAR-93DC RO-602 67 Rg
Craiova
Stalled during manoeuvres   Martin-Baker Mk10
Maj. Dan Cosaceanu ejected safely Cpt. Traian Neagoe ejected safely Martin-Baker Mk10
   
4th November 1992
Romania
MiG-21   86 Rg Fetesti Impacted the ground only 2-300 meters
from the place where MiG-21 UM #6946 crashed in 1989 near the village of Jegalia
Maj. Staicu Sterie killed    
   
13th March / April 1993


Can anyone confirm ??


Romania
MiG-21UM 328 91 Rg
Deveselu
Mid-air collision over the RFI (distant radio-beacon),
above Sprancenata village, due to the fact that the
MiG-21UM was 500m lower that it should have been,
while the single-seater was 1000m higher than planned.
    KM-1
killed killed KM-1

Romania
MiG-21   91 Rg
Deveselu
pilot ejected and survived    
   
13th May 1993
Romania
MiG-23MF
 "Orizont Aviatic"
  KM-1M
927 57 Rg
Mihail Kogalniceanu
Auto pilot failiure on the pitch channel, resulting in
wild vertical oscilations - the aircraft became
uncontrollable soon after take-off.
1st Lt. Cristian Pavalasc ejected safely
[see also 9th August 1994]
   
24th February 1994
Romania
IAR-99 710 49th Fighter-Bomber Regiment at Ianca burned on the ground due to a ruptured fuel line near the engine No ejections
No casualties
  MB Mk10
   
1st March 1994
Romania
MiG-29-(9-12)
Fulcrum
"41"
4206
32041
 57 Regiment, Mihail Kogalniceanu Crashed near Cobadin, in Constanta county Mj. Vasile Ionel killed   K-36
   
10th March 1994
19:45

Romania
MiG-23UB 160 93 Rg
Timisoara
Engine stall at an altitude of 1000 meters, before
landing, ejection sequence initiated at 300 meters and
300 km/h. Eugen Maxim got out at 80m, on the
horizontal. The plane crashed at 4 miles away from the Timisoara runway, near Izvin.
KM-1M
Lt. Col. Ion Dalca ejected safely Cpt. Eugen Valeriu Maxim ejected safely KM-1M
   
17th May 1994
Romania
MiG-21    93 Regiment based at Timisoara crashed near Timisoara pilot Dan Dragan was killed    
   
29th June 1994

Romania
MiG-21M/MF   71 Regiment
Campia
Turzii
Crashed due to bird ingestion at take-off. pilot ejected safely   KM-1
   
9th August 1994
Romania
MiG-23MF 223 57 Rg
Mihail Kogalniceanu
Fuel line ruptured before landing, crashed one mile
away from the runway at Mihail Kogalniceanu.
Cpt. Cristian Pavalasc ejected safely
[see also 13th May 1993]
  KM-1M
   
29th September 1994   MiG-21M/MF   71 Regiment
Campia
Turzii
crashed during "Jubileu ’94" exercise in the bombing range at Bogata, near Campia Turzii pilot ejected safely   KM-1
   
14th October 1994   MiG-21MF-75  5902 91 Regiment at Deveselu Pilot error. Crashed near Furculesti, in
Teleorman county
pilot
Adrian Trusca
killed
  KM-1
   
30th March 1995 First real-life ejection using the Romanian copy of the MB Mk10

Romania
IAR-99 714 49 Rg
Ianca
      Aerofina  SC-HV-00
On-board fire caused by a fuel line rupture near the
engine, crashed near Ianca. Ejection sequence
initiated at 300 m and 500 km/h by David Vasile,

Lt. Col. David Vasile ejected safely at 300 metres
[also ejecting the rear seat pilot]

Maj. Trofin Vasile ejected safely at 250 metres.  Sustained spinal injuries Aerofina  SC-HV-00
   
27th July 1995
08.37

Romania
MiG-21UM 9521 91 Rg
Deveselu
The aircraft was performing a meteo recon flight,
combined with a simulated ground attack exercise. It
crashed 15 minutes after take-off. Completely destroyed on impact.
    KM-1M
Lt. Col. Valer Scrobota (commander of the unit at
Deveselu)
killed
[
he had only one year until his retirement]
Maj. Ion Baloi
killed
KM-1
   
29th August 1995
09:33

Romania
MiG-21   93
Regiment, Timisoara
Major engine malfunction. Crashed at Gearmata Airport near Timisoara while landing following a "meteorological survey".   KM-1
Lt. Col. Ioan Ban ejected safely Major Iulian Netoiu ejected safely KM-1
   
  Since Sept. 1995 all Regiments in the Romania AF were redesignated Groups
   
?? April 1996
Romania
MiG-21UM serial 6951 31st Recce Sqn Crashed during final approach to landing, 4 km away from the runway at Timisoara     KM-1
ejected
safely
ejected
safely
KM-1
   
8th May 1996
Romania
MiG-21 US 3908 86th Group at Borcea While performing a touch and go at night, the left main gear strut collapsed. It veered off the runway and collided with a radio guidance installation. The right wing broke off, the ret of the plane rolled upside down and caught fire.   KM-1
Lt.-Cdr. Neculai Pelin
was extracted 
quickly from the front cockpit
Instructor Pilot
Cpt.-Cdr. Marin Jeloaica
was trapped and suffered burns on 30% of the body, but was finally saved by the rescue team, healed and flew again within one year
KM-1
photo: aripiromanesti.ro
   
 26th November 1996
12.08

Romania
IAR-93B
prototype
RO-200 CIZ
Craiova
Crashed during a weapons test flight at Recea-Slatina,
in Olt county.
Cpt. Cdr. Matei Constantin “Bebe ejected safely   Aerofina
SC-HV-00
   
22nd May 1997
16.00

Romania
MiG-21   95 Group
Bacau
crash near Parjol village, in
Bacau county
pilot, Ovidiu Balean, ejected
safely
   
   
11th June 1997
09.14

Romania
L-39ZA 118 20 Gr
Boboc
Flew into the ground while performing a loop at the
end of the runway at Timisoara, during an aerobatic
diplay rehearsal for an airshow.
     
Cpt. Cdr. Gheorghe Petre Cretu died, did not eject Gen. Ioan Stan died, did not eject VS-1
   
9th July 1997
15.23 hours

Romania
IAR-93 210  67 Group Craiova Destroyed on the flightline during live weapons test. A CL-250 cluster bomb under the wing exploded - most likely an electrical system failiure. 16 people died -
5 military and 11 civilian employees from the manufacturer of the bombs
   
 
   
DATE
NEEDED

Romania
MiG-21
??
      Cdr. Dorel Luca ejected  
   
DATE
NEEDED

Romania
MiG-21
??
      Cdr. Dorel Luca ejected  
   
10th December 1997 10.59
Romania
MiG-21UM serial 6905 86 Group
Fetesti
Several
minutes after take-off the engine stopped at 3000
metres. Restart procedure was unsuccessful. Crashed during a training
sortie near Tandarei town, in Ialomita county
  KM-1
Cdr. Dorel Luca ejected safely at 600 metres. Uninjured Cdr. Petru
Moraru
ejected safely at 600 metres. Received head injuries, but
recovered
KM-1

Dorel Luca is widely regarded as the best Romanian MiG-21 pilot. He was instructor and display pilot on the type, had 3 successful ejections - this was the last one, all due to technical causes. He retired from the Air Force in 2001, and went to Israel as a test pilot for the IAI company.

   
9th April 1998
13.02

Romania
Left main landing gear couldn't be deployed, crashed due to fuel starvation at Ghercesti, near Craiova.
This was the last IAR-93 flight, after the crash all
planes were retired from service.
Cdr. Ion Marculescu ejected safely   Aerofina
SC-HV-00
IAR-93B RO-219 67 Gr
Craiova
   
28th October 1998
Romania
MiG-29UB
(9-51)
Fulcrum
"22"
N50903016222
 57 Group
 Mihail Kogalniceanu
During a common exercise (MiG-29s and Alpha-Jets).aborted take-off due to engine flame-out when the front wheel was already in the air. pilot pulled the gear in, shut down the other engine and slid with the plane on the runway until it stopped – a classic Fulcrum aborted landing,     K-36
Cdr. Ganea Vasile, did not eject French pilot in rear seat, did not eject
   
12th May 1999
10:55

Romania
MiG-23 MF 201 93 Gr Timisoara Impacted the ground near Capalnas, in Arad county.
Possible spatial disorientation of the pilot during an exercise interception in bad weather.
Lt. Cdr. Dorin Craiu
died, did not eject
KM-1M
   
August 17th 1999
Romania
Mig-21 Lancer B 9511
Click to view large version! ©Ovidiu CIOBANU
© Ovidiu CIOBANU
    KM-1
95 Gr
Bacau A. B.
During a training flight unable to gain sufficient speed and altitude after takeoff. crashed .  Flaps were set for landing instead of
take-off, both the trainee and the instructor failed
to notice that. Crashed
some three km from the runway at Bacau military airfield
pilot Lt. Cristi Andries ejected safely uninjured. pilot Cdr. Victor
Berca
ejected 
 uninjured.
KM-1
   
2nd August 2000
Romania A. F.
Hong H-5
[Il-28]
307 38th Reconnaisance
Sqn. Fetesti
Crashed during landing at Borcea-Fetesti Lt. Cdr. Danut Rosu (pilot)    
Lt. Cdr. Viorel Anehei (navigator)    
Plt. Maj. Toma Nelu (radio operator and gunner)    
The pilot misjudged the height at landing and made first contact with the nose wheel. The plane bounced, than hit the runway again with the front gear, which broke. The aircraft slid on the runway for dozens of meters, breaking apart in the process. After it stopped, the crew left it in a hurry, unharmed.
   
13th July 2001
11:30

Romania
MiG-21
Lancer C
7017 Aerostar
Bacau
Engine failiure, Crashed  near Zemes-Paltinis while on a flight from Bacau Cpt. Cdr. Ioan Viorel Balu ejected safely   KM-1
   
21st July 2001
Romania A. F.

                                                                photo via Toma Petrut
Lt. Cdr. Ion Babusanu (pilot)    
Lt. Cdr. Vasile Coman (navigator)    
Hong H-5
[Il-28]
310 38th Reconnaisance
Sqn. Fetesti
Crashed during landing at Borcea-Fetesti Plt. Adj. Toma Nelu (radio operator and gunner)    
The plane returned from a training flight. The next day it was to leave for RIAT 2001 at Cottesmore, UK.
 The pilot attempted landing at Borcea in very bad weather. Just before touchdown, a strong crosswind unbalanced the plane. The pilot deployed the braking chute, which caused the plane to crash on the runway, breaking in two. The crew left it unharmed.
   
21st February 2002
14:15 local
time

                                                                                                     Photo Copyright © Chris Lofting

Lt. Cdr. Adrian Savulescu died, did not eject

KM-1

Romania
MiG-21
Lancer A
6001 Baza 86 Aeriana
Fetesti
Bird
ingestion in the engine during low-level flight. Crashed into a lake near the town of Cuza Voda, in the vicinity of Calarasi
 
   
26th March 2002
14.20

Romania
MiG-21
Lancer A
9811 Baza 71 Aeriana
Campia
Turzii
Loss of engine RPM due to fuel contamination. Crashed near Sandulesti in the province of Cluj Lt. Catalin Miclos ejected, injured KM-1
   
23rd October 2002
13.20

Romania
MiG-21
Lancer A
5907 Baza 95 Aeriana
Bacau
Bird ingestion in the engine, resulting in flame-out. Crashed on take-off from homebase Bacau Lt. Florin Butcovan ejected safely KM-1
   
25th September 2003
22:20

Romania A. F.
MiG-21
Lancer C
6025
                                                                                         Photo Copyright © Chris Lofting
71 Gr
Campia
Turzii
Spatial disorientation of the pilot - at night. Cpt.Cdr. Popa Horea-Sorin killed.

Did not eject

KM-1
   

26th August 2004

17:45
local time


                                                                                            Photo Copyright © Chris Lofting
The pilots were
Cpt. Aurelian Nita


Lt. Cdr. Mircea Petrescu
but I don't know who was in which aircraft.

KM-1

Romania
MiG-21 Lancer C 5819 71 Gr
Campia
Turzii
Crashed in Santioana Pilot ejected safely

Romania
MiG-21 Lancer C 6700 71 Gr
Campia
Turzii
Crashed in Cristesti Pilot ejected safely KM-1
mid-air collision during an
exercise interception. Both crashed in villages in the Mures
county. They did material damage on the ground, and a
civilian sustained   bruises.
   
22nd September 2004
14.00

Romania

IAR-99
Soim

721 204 Sqn. from
Boboc, detached at Ianca
Bird strike to the second cockpit canopy, 70 metres
after take-off from Ianca. The canopy detached, debris entered the engine, which seized. The crew  attempted a crash landing, but the seats partially activated upon impact, sticking them out of the cockpit. Badly injured, subsequently they were fully recovered for
flight. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

                                               Photo Copyright © Chris Lofting
IAR 99 Soim photographed a few weeks before its mishap
LINK

Lt. Cdr.
Emilian Popovici

Cdr. Florea Draghici
SC-HV-00
 
The accident happened because an engine stall (caused by the compressor stall), short time after take off from the Ianca airfield. At about 70 meters AGL, the plane had few strange movements in attitude, I correct them (I was Pilot Flying), and I gave to the plane the correct angle of climb. Short time after this, I heared my colleague (from back cockpit) trying to tell me something. I didn't have time to understand what he saied, because I felt the aircraft's engine starting to work irregularly. Finally, it appeared to be stopped. I put immediately the plane in a dive angle, in order to maintain the speed, and I executed the inflight engine restart procedure. Then, I observed the engine working (at idle)(with thrust lever at idle). I commanded full power, the engine started to accelerate, I gave an small climb angle to the airplane, but, at about 80% r.p.m., I losed the engine again. I focused myself on landing. In this time, My colleague were fighting with the strong wind because he losed his canopy. This was the reason of the engine failure, his canopy was removed (in the video record of this flight, it can be heared a statement of mine, regarding a bird hitting our plane, but I can not remember anything about this now). While removing, the canopy hit the right air intake devive, pieces from the organic glass entering in the engine and damaging the compressor's blades.. Being in full power, so maximum angle of atack of the air flow on the compressor blades, and blades being damaged, with a bad new profile, the air flow in the compressor became turbulent, and the compressor stall appeared. I managed to recover the normal flow during the restart procedure, but trying to obtain full power with the compressor blade profiles damaged, the stall appeared again. Due to very short height, I didn't have time any more to try to recover the engine. The speed were very small (flaps in T/O position), and finally we landed very hard, with 26G. The planed was destroyed, me and my colleague suffered spinal injuries. After few month, we was recovered and now we fly transport airplanes.
We were not ejected, nor partially nor totally. We didn't try to eject, not knowing each other about our situation, because of the difficult communication (because of the strong air flow in my colleague's cockpit) and because of the fact that this type of plane doesn't have the ejection syncronized (Ro.A.F. choosed this solutions, in order to avoid accidental plane loosings, a bad solution in my opinion). What really happened, is that my seat was broken from its support and the ejection mechanism touched the stick, being partially actionated. If I were not K.O. because of the shock and I would be trying to descent from the plane, it is sure that the action of the command mechanism would continue and an accidental ejection would be produced, with fatal consequences. But, I was K.O., because I strongly hit the H.U.D., and the technicians came and removed the pirotechnics from my seats (with high risks for them), and, finally, they removed me from the plane. My colleagues seat remained in position, and he managed to descend from the plane.
This is the whole story. I will try to attach some pictures and the video record.
Have a nice day !
 
lt.cdor.(ret.), eng., Emilian Popovici

 

   
8th March 2005
13.45

Romania
MiG-21
Lancer C

                                                            Photo Copyright © Chris Lofting
KM-1
6413 86th Airbase
Fetesti
Aircraft was pushed beyond normal flight
envelope during ACM (air combat manoeuvring) exercise. it entered a flat spin, hitting the ground at 10 km
S-W from Insuratei, in Braila county. The pilot
ejected
Pilot  Lt. Moise Raducu ejected safely 4 seconds before the impact.  
   
Wednesday 22nd November 2006
12:38
local time


                                                            Photo Copyright © Chris Lofting
6721  (cn 96006721/0521) [Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21MF-75 Lancer C] was the first production Lancer C photographed in Romania, August 25, 2001
LINK
Cpt. Cdr. Dan Ghica died, did not eject

Media reports suggest that the pilot delayed ejection to avoid built up area.

KM-1

Romania
MiG-21
Lancer C
6721 71st Air Base Campia Turzii Crashed in the vicinity of the Beliu town, Arad county, in Western Romania
The cause of the crash was concluded to be pilot loss of consciousness
   
Tuesday 30th October 2007
afternoon

Romania
MIG-21 Lancer   Air Base 71 Campia Turzii (Cluj) Involved in an incident in which the dome was broken and of all the fuselage     KM-1
   
Monday 1st November 2010
13:13
Romanian Air Force MiG-21 Lancer B 329 71st Flotilla
Campia Turzii Air Base
 Crashed near air base KM-1
Cpt-Cdr. Laurentiu "Kiru" Chirita
killed
Cpt-Cdr. Sorin "Biker" Avram
killed
KM-1
   
date unknown
Romania
MiG-21 U-400 1716   Crashed near Bacau      
                 

 

 

 

ROMANIAN EJECTION SEAT

The Bucharest based company Aerofina in Romania produces an unlicensed copy of the Martin-Baker Mk 10 lightweight ejection seat for the Romanian IAR-93 and IAR-99.   It is believed that the seat will be offered to other users outside Romania.
 

"The reason why SC-HV-00 exists is Ceausescu's  decision (taken in 1985) to make the IAR-93 an entirely indigenous product. Everything had to be 'Made in Romania', no matter the cost. At that point some subassemblies and parts were coming from the West, mainly UK - the seat was among them.

We managed to produce everything locally after a few years, but most of the stuff was low quality, resulting in a lot of failures* and a lower reliability of the IAR-93 compared to the Yugoslav Orao."

[*The first known use of the SC-HV-00 on 30th March 1995

"Cost was never a problem, in fact I'm sure the Romanian seat was more expensive than the Mk10 since its price included R&D plus the testing, and in the end it was produced in (comparatively) small numbers."


                                                                              photo:National Institute for Aerospace Research "Elie Carafoli"
IAR-93DC serial "600"
used in the aerial trials of the Aerofina SC-HV-00 ejection seat



                                                                                                                            via Aerofina
 


Romanian representatives were actively promoting the Aerofina SC-HV-00 Ejection Seat at Farnborough International Air Show in 2006

   Scope

The ejection seat is designed as an escape system for fighter bombers IAR - 93 and IAR - 99, in case of aircraft damage. The ejection seat equips any fighter bomber, provided that all mounting and operating conditions are complied with.

   General data

• ejection height (max) 0 - 15,000 m
• aircraft speed at ejection (max) 0 - 900 km/h
• acceletation during ejection (max) 18g
• rate of acceleration rise 180-220 g/sec
• automatic separation height of pilot from seat 5,000 m
• overload at automatic separation at H = 5,000 m 3.5 g
• height at which separation takes place, irrespective of the overload (max) 1,800 m
• necessary force to extract the handle for ejection control 10 - 29 daN
• completely equipment seat weight:  
- with ejection gun 104.3 daN
- without ejection gun 90.3 daN
• descent speed of pilot with parachute max 6.5 m/sec

   Unit components

• ejction gun PSC - 01.00.000
• seat structure PSC - 02.00.000
• seat pan PSC - 03.00.000
• seat pan actuator PSC - 05.00.000
• survival pack PSC - 06.00.000
• cartridge set PSC - 07.00.000
• electric installatin PSC - 08.00.000
• parachute and harness assembly PSC - 10.00.000

The structure of the ejection seat permits minimum mantainance works, wich are performed after each 12 months of operation.

                                                          (Data  from the Aerofina Website)

 

 

Also visit
http://www.aerofina.ro/eng_index.htm
http://www.aerofina.ro/index1.htm
http://www.roaf.ro/en/index_en.htm official Romanian Air Force Website


 

 

TESTING THE SEAT

 

 

25th August 1993


"Vasilica" performs one of the many aerial ejection tests during the development of the home produced Romanian ejection seats from IAR-93DC "600"

LINK  Video of ejection test

 

"Vasilica"
the crash test dummy used during the testing of the Aerofina SC-HV-00 seat.

 

 

 

 

 


Aerofina SC-HV-00

 


                                                                                                                   photo kind permission of Mr. Cornel Marandiuc, the editor of "Orizont aviatic" magazine


Craiova, 17 March 1988

The testing team together with pilots Ionescu Mihai and Tamas Gheorghe  (standing, in the middle, wearing grey flight jackets) after the first SC-HV-00 ejection from an aircraft. Vasilica the crash-test dummy is in front of the group, on the ground.

 

 

The following is a translation of the last two parts of an article with the title “History of a Big Achievement: The Ejection Seat“  written by Commander (ret.) eng. Eugen Taujan which was published in the magazine “Orizont Aviatic” Nr. 10, August 2003.
Additional notes to this article are between […]

 In Romania

At the proposal of the Yugoslav side the Martin-Baker seat was chosen, this being conformal with the Romanian’s side needs, which was looking for Western technology.

Beginning in 1975, the first Martin-Baker equipment started arriving in Romania.

In 1981 a group of engineers and technicians, among them the writer of this article, were sent to the Martin-Baker company to follow a training course as specialists and ejection instructors. I can say that the idea to realize such equipment in Romania was born then. But from wish to facts many years would pass.

In 1985, when Ceausescu ordered the speeding up of the total indigenous integration program for the IAR-93 aircraft, trough assimilation of the manufacturing of Western technology equipments, allocating enormous financial, material and human resources, the developing of what was to be the first Romanian ejection seat took a major share of the aeronautical industry efforts. The INCREST institute received the task to realize this ambitious project. From mid-1985 until the end of 1987, several experimental models were built and tested. A sloped ramp of 20 meters was built and a two-seater IAR-93 [serial 600] underwent modifications to the rear cockpit in order to allow ejections on the ground and in flight. The first test on the ramp with a humanoid dummy took place on 21 October 1985, and from a plane taxiing with 100km/h on 04 March 1988. The plane was manned by the chief test pilot Lt. Col. Ionescu Mihai, who had the task to fire the seat with the dummy. Although this kind of test was a first for the team, the pilot managed to stop the plane in the space of the runway, after launching the seat, while the dummy was descending serenely with his chute on the airfield.

On 17 March 1988 took place the first ejection in flight of a humanoid dummy in a Romanian seat. The flight was made by Lt.Col. Tamas Gheorghe, another seasoned test pilot. Ejection was at 2000m and 500km/h, being the 25th test. Until the seat was homologated 57 tests with dummy were done, of which 12 in flight. These tests were done by CIZ (Centrul de Incercari in Zbor = Center for Flight Testing) at Craiova, involving all the resources of the unit.

The test pilots proved that they were real professionals. After launching the seat they had to get back at the airfield with the rear cockpit opened and the ejection rod extracted, which produced a certain discomfort. The carrier plane was always escorted by 2 other planes which videotaped the tests.

Unexpected events did happen, but all ended well thanks to the quick reaction of the pilots.

At the 27th test, after the seat with the dummy left the plane, the pilot Gheorghe Tamas noticed a sudden loss of speed. In a few seconds he understood: one of the dummy’s limbs had flipped the switch for the airbrakes during the exit. The command being made from the back cockpit [meant to be used by the instructor on training flights] it could not be overridden by the pilot in the front cockpit [the trainee’s place], who landed with almost no fuel left.

But the worst case, which could have ended with a plane lost, happened on the 66th test, when a seat from a series batch was tested. On 23 March 1990, IAR-93 DC serial 600, flown by Lt.Col. Ionescu Mihai had to launch the seat in difficult conditions, at 850 km/h from an altitude of 300m.

The ejection of the dummy and the seat went normal. Because the ejection regularly took place just before one of the ends of the runway at Craiova, after passing by the tower, the pilot turned left and flew along the runway, observing the dummy’ descent in the chute and guiding the recovery team to the touchdown point. When trying to turn, Ionescu found out that the stick was blocked in such a way that the ailerons didn’t work. He communicated that to the ground and, as there was no procedure for the situation he was in, he hit the stick hard in order to release it from whatever was blocking it, and succeeded. Upon landing it was discovered that the structural frame holding the ejection seat broke [probably because it was not designed to take the stress and loads from more than 60 ejections, but only one], and a part from the sidewall of the back cockpit temporarily blocked the rear stick.

At the end of 1988 the seat was homologated and went into service with the Air Force. Even if it looked like the Martin-Baker Mk10, thousands of hours of calculations, research, engineering and testing went into the development of the initiation cartridges, the rocket engine, parachutes and mechanisms. Nobody would give you receipts and technologies for that, we had to find them on our own, and all this under the pressure of time. The money for importing the seats was spent, the stock of British seats was zero, and the planes needed seats and parts for the seats.

Supreme Moment

However, not everybody was just as satisfied as the people who contributed in the Romanian ejection seat program. Some of the Air Force pilots were apprehensive towards flying with these seats. The fact that not a single test with a human subject was performed was a reason for some of the IAR-93 and IAR-99 pilots to distrust the seat.

Up until the beginning of the year 1990, this fact was a problem, but then the decision makers in the military aviation withdrew the SC-HV-00 seats from usage until tests involving humans will be made. For the next 4 years more in-flight dummy tests were performed, and some volunteer pilots and parachutists entered a training course in order to perform the ejections. But because there were no laws to regulate human tests, the plans were shelved. In mid-1994 the results of the ejection tests (by that time numbering over 90) were analyzed by a board lead by General Stefan Voian, which gave the verdict: the Romanian ejection seat will re-enter service with the IAR-99 aircraft.

30 March 1995 was a flying day for the pilots at Ianca AB. Aircraft number 714, equipped with SC-HV-00 seats, was appointed to perform the meteorological survey, the pilots in the cabin being Lt. Col. David Vasile in the front and Maj. Trofin Vasile in the back. Engine start-up, taxiing and take-off went without problems, but shortly after take-off troubles would start. The pilots were alerted by cockpit signals about a possible on-board fire, after that the instruments went crazy, radio links with the ground and intercom were down.

Without communication with the flight leader the two pilots, some of the best that the unit had, decided to save the plane. They did all that was humanly possible, but in vain. The aircraft started losing speed and altitude threatening the lives of the two pilots. When all their options were exhausted, they decided to eject. David Vasile in the front cockpit was the first to pull the handle, when the plane was at an altitude of 300 metres, going slightly over 500km/h and descending towards the ground at a 20 degree angle. Shortly after, at 50 metres lower, Trofin Vasile from the back cockpit followed [in the IAR-99, regardless who pulls the handle, both seats are ejected and the first to get out is the one in the front] The two seats did the job for which they were designed: they saved the lives of two men.

It was the supreme moment for all those that contributed to this achievement; it was “the moment of truth”.

David Vasile landed safely and after a routine 7-day in hospital was recovered for flight. Unfortuntly Trofin Vasile suffered injuries to the T1 lumbar vertebrae, possibly due to his body’s position on ejection or at landing. Being subjected too late to surgery, he couldn’t be recovered for flight.

Dedicated to the memory of all test pilots which the ejection seat couldn’t save.

Bucharest, July 2003

Commander (ret.) eng. Eugen Taujan

 

 

Acknowledgements

 

Sources

Aerofina - (Farnborough 2006)
http://www.arrow-aviation.nl/rom_home.html
http://www.scramble.nl/ro.htm
"IAR-93" by Danut Vlad  in International Air Power Review (winter 2001-2002)
"Top Gun Special Romania". http://www.topgunspecial.ro/eng/indexeng.html

 "Orizont Aviatic" http://www.virtualarad.net/orizont_aviatic/

Photographs

Ovidiu CIOBANU
Chris Lofting

http://www.aviatia.ro/firme.htm
http://www.baza93aeriana.ro/
 "Cer Senin" magazine:
Toma Petrut - for data on the  H-5
Vincent
(without who's help and enthusiasm this page could not have been so comprehensive)

page last updated
Sunday, 31 July 2011 18:33