Aircraft by type

WORK IN PROGRESS
Grumman OV-1  Mohawk
LOSSES & EJECTIONS

Draft List
[being compiled]

Can you help to add extra photos of the crews or their aircraft ??

Date Air Force A'cft Unit / Serial

based

crashed crew photo seat
9th March 1962   OV-1C 60-3749   Crashed
AL, Fort Rucker
     
6th July 1962   YAO-1 57-6463   Crashed Peconic River, New York      
12th July 1962   OV-1B 59-2632  503rd Avn Co, 3RD AD Crashed ASTA Plt,    
21st September 1962   OV-1A 60-3730  503rd Avn Co, 3RD AD GE, Ansbach ASTA Plt    
?? November 1962   YAO-1 57-6540   AL, Fort Rucker
[did this acft crash ??]
     
Saturday 9th March 1963
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 61-2702 23rd Special Warfare Aviation Detachment
[SWAD]
Rep. Of Vietnam   Martin-Baker Mk.5
1st Lt. Edward Bernard Cribb
 

[see also 26th August 1963] 

ARep. Of Vietnam Observer Martin-Baker Mk.5
1st Lt.Cribb he spent two days on the ground before being picked up on 11th March 1963
30th July 1963
USA
OV-1A Mohawk 60-3720
c/n 19A
Army Aviation School Explosion tore off a wing, believed to have been caused by  a technical malfunctioning of the photo flare dispensers. Crashed near Fort Rucker, Alabama, USA during a night training
flight
    Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. D. F. Horton
USAF
ejected
Oberfeldwebel
Heinz Watzenberg

did not eject
died
Martin-Baker Mk.5

researching West German Army Aviation in its early years, I recently had contact with a German pilot, Ferdinand Eggers, who was a flight student at Fort Rucker. He was trained on the Grumman OV-1 "Mohawk" in 1963. His friend and colleague died in an flying accident on the final days of the course!

Date of the crash was July 30, 1963. The aircraft involved was a Grumman OV-1A "Mohawk" (USAF-s/n 60-3720, c/n 19A), which belonged to the U.S. Army Aviation School. The aircraft crashed near Fort Rucker, AL/USA during a night training
flight.
Captain D. F. Horton ejected safely, with minor injuries, but Oberfeldwebel [Sergeant First Class] Heinz Watzenberg died, as he did not eject, in the crash.
Probable cause was a technical malfunctioning of the photo flare dispensers, resulting in an explosion, which tore off a wing.

details received in email

09th August 1963
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 61-2725 11th AIR ASSAULT DIV Trenton, SC Capt. R. E. Harris   Martin-Baker Mk.5
26th August 1963
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 61-2707 23rd Special Warfare Aviation Detachment
[SWAD]
Thau Duc approximately 24 km south-southeast of Go Cong. As far as is known both men died in the crash, Rep. Of Vietnam   Martin-Baker Mk.5
1st Lt. Edward Bernard Cribb
believed died in crash

[see also 9th March 1963

vw

2.Lt. Dao Dac Deo
ARep. Of Vietnam Observer

believed died in crash
 
27th August 1963
Civ
OV-1C Mohawk 61-2678 Army Aviation School Ft. Rucker, AL, USA     Martin-Baker Mk.5
MAJ J. A. Barrett Mr. J. T. Judkins Martin-Baker Mk.5
05th September 1963
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 61-2706 23rd SWAD Rep. Of Vietnam     Martin-Baker Mk.5
l.Lt. J. B. Bisbey Ng Hoy Binh Martin-Baker Mk.5
11th December 1963
USA
OV-1A Mohawk 59-2603 23rd SWAD Vinh Long, Rep. Of Vietnam     Martin-Baker Mk.5
iCapt. M. F. Menefee
ARep. Of Vietnam Observer
WO N. D. Tha Martin-Baker Mk.5

 

10th January 1964
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 62-5853 23rd SWAD Rep. Of Vietnam     Martin-Baker Mk.5
2nd Lt. M. Freitag ejected 2nd Lt. Dao Dac ejected Martin-Baker Mk.5
12th February 1964
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 61-2701 ARMY AVIATION SCHOOL CEDAR SPRINGS, GA Capt. D.B.Gray   Martin-Baker Mk.5
17th May 1964
USA
OV-1A Mohawk 59-2613   JESUP, GA     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. J. Oriner Capt. H. L. Woodard Martin-Baker Mk.5
                 
24th June 1964 a Mohawk, crashed shortly after take off from an airstrip at Minh Long, southwest of Quang Ngai

A U.S. Army officer died Tuesday after the two engine fighter-reconnaissance plane he was piloting crashed in rugged terrain 300 miles northeast of Saigon.
235th USA

7th October 1964
or
9th October 1964

USA
OV-1A Mohawk 63-13120   Rep. Of Vietnam     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. J. M. Jones ejected 1st Lt. Bui Van Lang ejected. Martin-Baker Mk.5
15th October 1964
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 59-2624   FT WORTH, TX 1.Lt. White   Martin-Baker Mk.5

 

18th February 1965
USA
OV-1 Mohawk   IS THIS THE INCIDENT BELOW ???       Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. R. S. Stebbins ejected S/Sgt. J. R. McFadden ejected Martin-Baker Mk.5
28th February 1965
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 62-5881 ASTA Plt, "B" Co. 2nd Avn Bn. 2nd Inf. Div. Ft Benning, GA Flame Out -

FT BRAGG, NC

    Martin-Baker Mk.5
Captain Stephens ejected SSgt ejected Martin-Baker Mk.5
9th June 1965
USA
OV-1 Mohawk     reconnaissance mission. Lost near Vung Tau Airfield  
1st Lt. Charles A. Dale

tfo

SP4 David Stanley Demmon
ejected
POW
Died in Captivity

tfo

 
16th August 1965
USA
OV-1 Mohawk     DETAILS ???     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Mr. R. J. Anderson CWO P. L. Kelly Martin-Baker Mk.5
22nd December 1965
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 63-13131 73rd AVN CO SOC TRANG, Rep. Of Vietnam     Martin-Baker Mk.5
1st Lt. N. P. Jenne Capt. A. B. Woodward Martin-Baker Mk.5
4th February 1966
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 63-13121 131st AVN CO Laos     Martin-Baker Mk.5
1st Lt. M. L. Bellamy PF/C J. E. Corkill Martin-Baker Mk.5
                 
10pm Tuesday night 14th March 1966 Army men were killed Tuesday night when their Mohawk plane crashed at an ... at Cairns Army Field, about two miles south of Cairns, when the crash occured
15th March 1966
USA
OV-1 Mohawk          
Major Glenn D. McElroy
KBNR

tfo

John Michel "Mike" Nash  
6th April 1966
1648 hours

USA
OV-1A
Mohawk
63-13117 SIGC, HQ, MACV, J-3
Detached to 20th Aviation Detachment
Aerial Surveillance Target Acquisition Detachment
[ASTA DET]
Hue/Phu Bai Airfield
,
Saigon
On classified photographic and SLR mission to photograph enemy movements over Saravane Province.  Shot down by ground fire from PAVN in Laos near Pou Tiou village Martin-Baker
Capt. John Wayne Lafayette
ejected
MIA

vw
Capt. James W. Gates
ejected
MIA
tfo
Martin-Baker
6th April 1966
1648 hours

USA
OV-1A Mohawk 63-13116 20th ASTA DET Laos     Martin-Baker Mk.5
MAJ Harry Duensing
ejected
SP4 Larry Johnson
ejected
Martin-Baker Mk.5
14 July 1966
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 61-2675 131st Aviation Company 
14th Aviation Battalion 
Phu Bai Air Base, Hue
night surveillance mission over the Ho Chi Minh Trail  
Captain Robert G. Nopp
MIA
PFOD
[01 Dec 1977]

PERMISSION SOUGHT

vw
tfo

PFC Marshall F. Kipina
MIA
PFOD
[09 Feb 1978]

tfo

 
19 November 1966
USA
OV-1 Mohawk   131st Aviation Company Laos      
Captain James Montgomery Johnstone
KBNR

tfo 

James L. Whited
MIA
 
7th December 1966
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 62-5894 122nd AVN CO
Fleigerhorst AAF, Hanau
Photo mission. Engine failure then fire. Hanau, Germany     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. W. T. Ebert - at 400 feet E4 K. G. Bakos - thru canopy at 600 feet Martin-Baker Mk.5
20th December 1966
10:20h

USA
OV-1A Mohawk 63-13123 131st AVN CO Phu Bai Airfield AAA Savannakhet Province, Laos   Martin-Baker Mk.5
Pilot Capt. Larry F. Lucas
KIA RR

tfo

Co-Pilot Capt. Joseph L. Kulmayer ejected Martin-Baker Mk.5

 

4th April 1967
USA
OV-1A Mohawk 63-13122 73rd Avn Co attempting to land at Quan Loi     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Pilot Capt. Evan D. Marshall Capt. Dan W. Crowe Martin-Baker Mk.5
2nd June 1967
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 61-2715 73rd AVN CO GIA BAY MTN, Rep. Of Vietnam   Martin-Baker Mk.5
Major Lowell Edward Morgan ejected but KIA

vw

SP4 Robert Bruce De Mello did not eject Martin-Baker Mk.5
22 July 1967
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 60-3755 225TH AVN CO, 223RD AVN BN, 17TH AVN GRP, 1 AVN BDE      
Captain William Boyd Graves

vw

SGT Heinz A. Tapio  
1st October 1967
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 62-5877
Delta Hawk 877
244th Aviation Co.   Can Tho RVN SLAR Mission
CAN THO, Rep. Of Vietnam
    Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. Jack P. Ratliff PFC Albert "Al" W. Banks Martin-Baker Mk.5
22nd October 1967
USA
OV-1 Mohawk Is this 59-2626 that crashed in Germany ???? T. E. Cote   Martin-Baker Mk.5

 

28th February 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 61-2709 244th Aviation Company Shot down over Kien Tuong Province      
Captain Steven J. Popkin Captain Doyle

vw

 
9th March 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk       ??? ejected   Martin-Baker Mk.5
29th March 1968
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 64-14257 73rd AVN VUNG TAU, Rep. Of Vietnam   Martin-Baker Mk.5
Major William Hurley
KIA
SP4 Stephen C "Chad" Fletcher ejected
(given in early listing as 2,000th Life saved by Martin-Baker seat)
[first ejection - see also 22nd November 1968]
Martin-Baker Mk.5
4th April 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk       Capt. C.Madsen   Martin-Baker Mk.5
7th April 1968
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 66-18885 ASTA PLT, 11th Avn, 1st Cav THUA THIEN, Rep. Of Vietnam      
Major Robert McCaskey did not eject - KIA SP5 Andrew Slatt ejected Martin-Baker Mk.5
20th April 1968
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 61-2688 245th AVN CO THAU THIEN, Rep. Of Vietnam     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Captain M. Hall ejected PF/C John G. Sparks ejected Martin-Baker Mk.5
2nd August 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk       Sgt. P. Sola   Martin-Baker Mk.5
8th June 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk     enemy action     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Maj. H. F. Benton ejected SP4 J. H. Baird ejected Martin-Baker Mk.5
15th July 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk       R. F. Green ejected   Martin-Baker Mk.5
4th August 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 61-2727
???
  CHECK CREW     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. C. D. Jensen PFC J. W. Hoffman Martin-Baker Mk.5
4th August 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 61-2727
???
  CHECK CREW     Martin-Baker Mk.5
1.Lt. R. C. Reese Lt. C. D. Rottgering Martin-Baker Mk.5
5th August 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk     CHECK Lt. D. W. Cable   Martin-Baker Mk.5
6th August 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk     CHECK 1.Lt. T. H. Tanguay   Martin-Baker Mk.5
29th August 1968
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 61-2722 131st AVN CO (AS) Lighting strike. Rep. Of Vietnam Pilot Ejected safely   Martin-Baker Mk.5
2nd September 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk       MAJ M.L.Bellamy   Martin-Baker Mk.5
 
10th September 1968
USA
OV-1 Mohawk       SP5 P. L. Fvnari   Martin-Baker Mk.5
26th October 1968
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 64-14264 131st AVN CO (AS) Rep. Of Vietnam SP4 Giles ejected on take-off   Martin-Baker Mk.5
22nd November 1968 USA OV-1C Mohawk 61-2716 73rd AVN CO Rep. Of Vietnam Martin-Baker Mk.5
MAJ T. A. Talbot SP4 S. C. "Chad" Fletcher
[second ejection - see also
29th March 1968
Martin-Baker Mk.5
To contribute a little specificity to your notation, this ejection took place in the “Parrot’s Beak area” of South Vietnam, which is about due west of Saigon (now Ho Chi Min City).
03rd December 1968
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 62-5858 245th AVN CO Rep. Of Vietnam     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. N. H. Svarrer Sgt. R. W. Christiensen (Christiansen) Martin-Baker Mk.5

 

12th February 1969
USA
OV-1 Mohawk       1.Lt. W. R. Teglia   Martin-Baker Mk.5
13th February 1969
USA
OV-1 Mohawk           Martin-Baker Mk.5
Lt. Cdr. P. H. Cummuskey S.Lt. J. Kershaw Martin-Baker Mk.5
14th February 1969
USA
OV-1 Mohawk       1.Lt. G. K. Breault   Martin-Baker Mk.5
17th February 1969
USA
OV-1 Mohawk       Lt.JG J. H. Akin   Martin-Baker Mk.5
1st March 1969
USA
OV-1A Mohawk 60-3731 131st AVN CO enemy action - hit over Ho Chi Mihh Trail  east of Saravane, Chevane, Laos Captain W. S. Reeder   Martin-Baker Mk.5
SP D. R. Armstrong personal testimony Martin-Baker Mk.5
29th August 1969
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 62-5904 173rd Aviation Company crashed in Hau Nghia Province      
CW3 Anderson
rurvived
SP5 Jackie Clyde Dehart, died in the crash

vw

 
7th September 1969
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 62-5879 244th AVN CO Rep. Of Vietnam     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. D.Rietz SP4 E. McCauley

Did he eject in the crash of 15th March 1969 ??

Martin-Baker Mk.5
3rd October 1969
18:00 hours

USA
OV-1C Mohawk 61-02679 225th Aviation Company, 223rd Aviation Battalion
17th Aviation Group, 1st Aviation Brigade
Phu Hiep, South Vietnam
surveillance mission near the tri-border area of Cambodia, Laos and South Vietnam. Lost in a mountain range north of the city of Kontum    
1Lt Paul L. Graffe
MIA

tfo
vw

Staff Sergeant or PFC [confirm]   Kenneth Leroy Cunningham
MIA

tfo

 

 
15th November 1969
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 61-2690 73rd AVN CO Rep. Of Vietnam Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. Robert Thomas White
ejected
POW
Lt. Cdr. John George Graf
ejected
POW
died escaping
Martin-Baker Mk.5
16th October 1969
USA
OV-1 Mohawk   131st Aviation Company, 
nicknamed "Nighthawks 
212th Aviation Battalion, 
16th Aviation Group 
   
Lawrence R. Booth
MIA

tfo

Staff Sergeant Dennis Michael Rattin
MIA

tfo

 
19th November 1969
USA
OV-1 Mohawk           Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. J. Austin SP4 J. S. McIntosh Martin-Baker Mk.5

 

24th February 1970
USA
OV-1A Mohawk 60-3739 131st AVN CO THUA THIEN, Rep. Of Vietnam     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. McClenathen Lt. Col. Newman did not survive - did he eject ??  
5th March 1970
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 59-2635 Fort Huachuca Crashed Fort Huachuca, AZ     Martin-Baker Mk.5
SP5 Dave Avey W03 Enique Bustamante Martin-Baker Mk.5

 

15th February 1971
USA
OV-1 Mohawk           Martin-Baker Mk.5
SP4 Calloway WO1 Dover Martin-Baker Mk.5
4th March 1971
USA
OV-1 Mohawk possibly
64-14240
    SPE3 Martin   Martin-Baker Mk.5
31st May 1971
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 59-2615 131st Aviation Company, 
212th Aviation Battalion, 
11th Aviation Group
1st Aviation  Brigade
Impacted into mountain near the town of Tchepone in Savannakhet Province, Laos    
WO2 Jack W. Brunson
KIA

vw

RR 14th February 1995

Captain Clinton A. Musil
KIA

RR 17th September 2001

tfo

 
8th June 1971
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 62-5868 Fort Huachuca In flight re-fuelling test Crashed Fort Huachuca, AZ     Martin-Baker Mk.5
MAJ J. Collamore SP4 R.Bailey Martin-Baker Mk.5
22nd June 1971
USA
OV-1 Mohawk       SFC Hinners   Martin-Baker Mk.5
20th August 1971
USA
OV-1 Mohawk           Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. G.Baxter 1.Lt. J.Killackey Martin-Baker Mk.5

 

1st March 1972
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 62-5900 Georgia ANG Aircraft lost power on both engines crashed in a dive WINDER, Georgia, USA Pilot ejected   Martin-Baker Mk.5
 12th August 1972
USA
OV-1D Mohawk 69-17025     Pilot ejected   Martin-Baker Mk.5
 

Pilot unable to maintain control of aircraft after engine failure on take-off. Pilot ejected when he realised that full left aileron and rudder were insufficient to prevent aircraft from rolling to the right.

 

27th January 1973 
USA
OV-1 Mohawk "Nail 89" 23rd Tactical Airlift Squadron
Nakhom Phanom Airbase, Thailand
Hit from a shoulder-fired SA-7 ground-to-air missile that severed the Mohawks tail while on FAC mission in vicinity of Quang Tri, South Vietnam. Martin-Baker Mk.5
Pilot - Captain Mark Allen Peterson ejected - Chute seen 
MIA
Co-pilot Capt. George W. Morris, Jr ejected - Chute seen 
MIA
Martin-Baker Mk.5

 

22nd January 1974
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 69-17015   Hanau, Germany     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. W. Spencer SP4 G.Phillips Martin-Baker Mk.5
 

During approach for landing in IMC instruments indicated failure of both No. 1 and No. 2 inverter, unable to correct the situation.

7th December 1974
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 62-05849   crashed in Georgia, USA     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Pilot ejected - landed in pasture with minimal injuries T.O.ejected - suffered minimal injuries on landing on road Martin-Baker Mk.5
 

Aircraft entered clouds after take-off and pilot experienced buffets on climbout. Primary attitude indicator indicated wings level and buffeting continued. Pilot was unable to recover from buffeting condition and aircraft began to rapidly lose altitude..

 

17th March 1976
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 60-3761    FT BRAGG     Martin-Baker Mk.5
    Martin-Baker Mk.5
USA Grumman OV-1C Mohawk Sn. 60-03761 crashed in Arizona, USA.  Aircraft called tower and declared an emergency with No. 1 engine out. The aircraft jeyyisoned the drop tanks at an altitude of 4,500ft. and an airspeed of 90-95kts. The pilots tried to make it to the airfield  but crashed 1.9 miles from the end of the runway. One pilot ejected before impact but was killed due to impact with the ground. The other pilot did not leave the aircraft until after the plane had impacted the ground and was killed.

 

12th February 1978
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 61-2698   Georgia, USA     Martin-Baker Mk.5
    Martin-Baker Mk.5
USA Grumman OV-1C Mohawk Sn. 61-02698 crashed in Georgia, USA. After take-off the pilot requested a return landing. When queried by the tower he reported that he had a runaway prop but didn't declare an emergency. During turn to final approach the aircraft crashed a half mile short of runway 29. Both the pilot and the Technical Observer attempted ejection but were unsuccessful because it was initiated outside the performance capabilities of the ejection seat.
   

FEEDBACK

To whom it may concern,

hello my name is Lawson Bittaker Jr..  I was searching for my fathers OV-1C on your website and found it but, I noticed some info was missing. I wanted to fill you in on it, the pilot was C.W.O. William H. Brannan and T.O. Lawson O. Bittaker Sr. They were stationed at Dobbins Air Force Base in Marietta Ga. with the Ga. Army National Guard. The story you have is half correct.
Your story is as follows:
USA Grumman OV-1C Mohawk Sn. 61-02698 crashed in Georgia, USA. After take-off the pilot requested a return landing. When queried by the tower he reported that he had a runaway prop but didn't declare an emergency. During turn to final approach the aircraft crashed a half mile short of runway 29. Both the pilot and the Technical Observer attempted ejection but were unsuccessful because it was initiated outside the performance capabilities of the ejection seat.
 
The correction is as follows:
USA Grumman OV-1C Mohawk Sn. 61-02698 crashed in Georgia, USA. After take-off the pilot requested a return landing. When queried by the tower he reported that he had a runaway prop but didn't declare an emergency. After the aircraft circled around it was on its final approach to the runway, it started losing altitude. C.W.O. Brannan at that point could have ejected but didn't, instead he maneuvered the disabled aircraft over a large apartment complex. When the aircraft started taking out treetops 18 feet in the air T.O. Bittaker was given the command to eject, as he ejected the aircraft rolled inverted slamming Bittaker into the ground killing him instantly. Brannan never ejected as the aircraft crashed in the woods on the opposite side of Hwy 41 from across the runway at Dobbins A.F.B. Marietta Ga.

The c
ause of the crash was later determined by investigating officials to be associated with engine maintenance performed 27 hours earlier by Cumberland Army Depot. During the maintenance of the engine, glass pellets used in the shot peening process to clean the inside of the engine casing were not removed.

Hope this helps update any information.

Lawson O. Bittaker Jr.
 

 

 

26th January 1979
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 61-2719   Mid-Air Collision Shanako, OR, USA     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. S. L. EIder SP4 G. Lara Martin-Baker Mk.5
USA Grumman OV-1C Mohawk Sn. 61-02719 was in collision with OV-1D Sn. 67-18916 in Oregon, USA. The two aircraft were in formation, echelon right, Trail moved up to in front and below of lead to have photograph taken by the lead aircrfat. The two aircraft collided. All four crew ejected and were picked up by unit helicopter within two hours.
26th January 1979
USA
OV-1D Mohawk 67-18916
C 6-78
  Mid-Air Collision Shanako, OR, USA   Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. S. F. Hammons S/Sgt. Philco H. Pheigh Martin-Baker Mk.5
USA Grumman OV-1C Mohawk Sn. 61-02719 was in collision with OV-1D Sn. 67-18916 in Oregon, USA. The two aircraft were in formation, echelon right, Trail moved up to in front and below of lead to have photograph taken by the lead aircrfat. The two aircraft collided. All four crew ejected and were picked up by unit helicopter within two hours.
FEEDBACK

Hello:

I ran across your web site and thought I would send you an email concerning this mid-air collision on 26 Jan 79 of two OV-1 Mohawk aircraft east of Shaniko Oregon.

I was the observer that was going to take the pictures of the trail aircraft,  OV-1C 61-02719. The pilot of that airplane was Capt. Elder and his observer was Sp4 Lara.

The pilot in my lead aircraft, OV-1D 67-18916, was Capt. Hammons, and of course myself S/Sgt Philo H Pheigh.

 

It's amazing how clear that experience still is in my memory, and so many years ago. Thanks to the Martin-Baker ejection seat, I am now 70 years old!!

We all survived the crash with only myself injuring my back in the ordeal.

Thank you for your time on this update.

Sincerely, SFC Philo H Pheigh (Ret.)

in email 28th June 2008

 

07th March 1979
USA
OV-1B
RV-1D Mohawk
64-14254
C 12-77
73rd AVN CO Stuttgart, Germany     Martin-Baker Mk.5
CWO M. A. Grant WO M. M. Wagner Martin-Baker Mk.5
USA Grumman RV-1D Mohawk Sn. 64-14254 crashed in Germany. Aircraft encountered moderate / severe icing and elected to return to home base. During ILS approach No. 1 engine failed. Pilot added power but did not have anticipated response. Pilot turned aircraft away from village and crew, CWO M. M. Wagner and CWL M. L. Grant ejected safely

 
29th October 1979
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 64-14272 73rd AVN CO
C 12-77
Germany     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. D. Bailey CWO4 E.Serna Martin-Baker Mk.5
USA Grumman RV-1D Mohawk Sn. 64-14272 crashed in Germany. Aircraft encountered moderate icing conditions during the conduct of border mission. De-icing systems were operating. The SIP in the right seat saw flames coming from the vicinity of the No. 2engine after the aircraft had yawed to the right. The engine was secured by the SIP. Approximately 30 seconds after the fire was detected on the No. 2 engine sparks were observed coming from the No. 1 engine exhaust. The left engine lost power. The crew attempted to restart No. 2 engine with no success. The crew, CWO4 E. Serna and Capt. D. Bailey ejected.

 

26th January 1982
USA
OV-1 Mohawk       MR Lindsay   Martin-Baker Mk.5

USA Grumman OV-1D Mohawk Sn. 67-18920 crashed in Georgia, USA. During a two engine approach at an airspeed of approx. 104 kts the left engine  failed from an unknown cause. The aircraft began rolling to the left. Power was reduced on the right hand engine to stop the left roll.

The IP commanded the RSP to eject then he, the IP, ejected. The RSP did not attempt to eject and was killed when the aircraft struck the ground in a near vertical dive. The IP, Mr. Lindsay, was severely injured and transported to hospital and then transferred by the Medical Center for treatment.

15th November 1982
USA
OV-1C Mohawk 68-15948
C 6-75
  aircraft entered a spin and, too low to recover. EDWARDS AFB     Martin-Baker Mk.5
John D. Ottomeyer CWO Hugh A. Lammons Martin-Baker Mk.5

USA Grumman OV-1D Mohawk Sn. 68-15948 crashed in California, USA. While conducting static VMC testing at 6,400ft MSL [4,000ft AGL] the pilot called the VMC point at 78 KIAS and announced initiation of recovery. The aircraft rolled left slightly past 90 degrees and entered a nose-low attitude from which it did not recover. Both crew sustained fatal injuries. One occupant attempted ejection but it was not succesful. The pilot died in the crash and did not attempt ejection.

 

28th April 1983
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 59-2625     MAJ D. H. Jacobs   Martin-Baker Mk.5
4th August 1983
or
14th August 1983

Confirmation needed

USA
OV-1D Mohawk 68-15937
C 11-77
3rd MI C BN, Power loss to both engines occurred crossing final approach to Kimpo International Airport. Crashed near Camp Humphreys South Korea     Martin-Baker Mk.5
CWO3 Glen J. Stein S.Sgt. Gl. Hines Martin-Baker Mk.5
USA Grumman OV-1D Mohawk Sn. 68-15937 crashed in near Rice Field, 3.2 miles short of the runway, Kansas, USA. Aircraft was returning to home base after three hours of scheduled night reconnaissance mission. At home base the weather had deteriorated rapidly before the aircraft entered the airport traffic area. After making two visual attempts at landing the pilot realised that even a full instrument approach would result in a missed approach due to low stratus clouds and dense fog. He asked for radar vectors to a suitable airfield stating his fuel condition. The aircraft then proceeded to that airfield where the weather had cleared. The only airfield suitable was a civilian airfield and the pilot declared an emergency citing the low fuel state. After approximately  17 minutes of radar vectoring for a precison approach both engines flamed out simultaneously. The pilot directed the T.O to eject and then ejected himself. Both, crew, CW3 G. J. Stein and S/Sgt. G. Hines, who were slightly injured, were recovered approximately four and a half hours later and transported to the evacuation hospital for evaluation and post-mishap eveluation.

FEEDBACK

I am a former OV-1D flight crewmen (T.O.-Technical Observer) and have a correction and information to submit on the August 1983 OV-1D Mohawk ejection and crash. This crash took place near Camp Humphreys South Korea, not Kansas USA.

 I was stationed at Camp Humphreys in 1978-79 and assigned to the only Army Mohawk unit in country. This was the 704th MIDAS (Military Intelligence Detachment Aerial Surveillance) which in mid-tour became the 146th ASA (Army Security Agency) Company. OV-1D Mohawks in this period were assigned to Military Intelligence, not Aviation units.

 The units mission was to fly daily radar surveillance missions along the Korean DMZ. The unit normally flew two missions a day, morning and afternoon, seven days a week, rain or shine. The morning missions were often scheduled between midnight and dawn. South Korea had a country wide curfew at that time. After 10 P.M. road and air traffic was restricted. During these morning missions we would often be the only aircraft flying in country.
 

 When flying a mission during the early morning hours we would always monitor the fog conditions back at Camp Humphreys as it was possible for the field to get socked in before our mission was complete. Camp Humphreys did not have approach radar and our usual alternate field was Osan Air Force Base, nine miles to the north. They did have approach radar but due to the lack of traffic after curfew they would shut down and stay at their quarters on-call.

 CW3 Stein was also there at that time and I flew with him on several missions. This included one where, upon our return, the field was fogged in and we spent several very long minutes orbiting the base looking for a break to get in. Mr. Stein was considering calling Osan and telling them fire up the Approach Radar but then, a hole opened up in the fog and we slipped in for a landing. I guess he didn't have the same luck in 1983 when he used up all his reserve fuel looking for a clear airfield.

 On the subject of ejection seats, the OV-1 was the only U.S. Army aircraft equipped with them. An in-flight bail out was only practical with ejection seats as attempting to exit in-flight through the side entry hatches would put you directly into the props. The entire rectangular hatch above the cockpit could be jettisoned in-flight, but crawling out into the
windstream and missing the props on either side and the triple tail in the rear would have been daunting to say the least.

 The OV-1 Mohawk was originally equipped with a Martin-Baker J-5 seat. This seat used staged explosive charges through a telescoping ejection tube and was not zero-zero capable. The Mohawk was subsequently refitted wit a modified J-5D seat. This seat added a rocket motor and gave the seat a zero-sixty knots capability. This was zero altitude and sixty knots of speed on the runway for a successful (?) ejection. It was standard procedure during take-offs for the pilot to call out sixty knots to let his T.O. know ejection was now possible.

 There is a video of a test ejection of the J-5D seat. In it a J-5D seat with a test dummy is mounted on the back of a flatbed truck moving down a runway at sixty knots. The seat fires, rockets up, and the parachute deploys fully before the test dummy hits the runway, but just barely.

 The Mohawk seats did not have any type of command ejection system and ejection was individually initiated. If the Pilot felt ejection was necessary, the procedure was to audibly command,  "Eject! Eject! !Eject!", over the intercom. Additionally, in the event of intercom failure, the Pilot was to physically get the right seaters attention by striking their chest or thigh and signaling with a thumb up gesture to get out.

However, in an emergency such as an engine loss on take off, and with the Pilot’s hands on the stick and throttle trying to control a rolling aircraft, following this procedure could be problematical.


in email 23rd June 2008

 
10th October 1983
USA
OV-1D Mohawk 69-17020    Crashed shortly after takeoff from Karachi, Pakistan     Martin-Baker Mk.5
 SFC Steve Greenleaf
ejected
CW4 Carl Spriegel
ejected
Martin-Baker Mk.5

USA Grumman OV-1D Mohawk Sn. 69-17020 crashed in PK [?]. During take-off climb at approx. 200ft AGL the No.2 engine failed with gear up and flaps in take-off position [15 degrees]. Flaps in VMC speed was not obtained. Pilot ordered right seat occupant to eject, pilot guided aircraft to unpopulated area and ejected. Both ejectees, CW4 C. Spriegel and SPC S. Greenleaf, suffered minor abrasions and lacerations.

FEEDBACK

Regarding the October 10, 1983 (ship 69-17020) ejection, Carl Spreigal and Steve Greenleaf ejected shortly after takeoff from Karachi, Pakistan. I don't remember if it was the international or a near by military airport. My best recollection is that it was the international.

I was the flight lead of a flight of 4 OV-1s being ferried to Korea from the plant in Stuart, Florida. As such, I departed first from Karachi and was taking inventory of my other 3 birds as they were taking off. As I recall, the normal order of take off was askew. When I determined that that Carl had not checked in as expected, I made a call to the tower to see what was up. The tower responded in that they believed a ship may have crashed during takeoff. I asked why they believed this and they responded that there was a huge fire off the end of the departure runway. I turned the flight around and we all returned to Karachi.

After back on the ramp we were taken to an official airport office. After a short while, an official came to see us and told us the crew was okay. A short time later, Carl and Steve walked through the door, shaken, battered, but alive and moving under their own power. 

As I remember, the ship lost power at or near VR. Carl manoeuvred the ship to a relatively clear spot on the ground prior to ejecting.

If not for the seats, I suspect both Carl and Steve would have died,

You have my permission to use what I've said above as you see fit.

Roger 
in email 5th June 2009    

 

8th September 1984
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 64-14238
C 3-80
  Wiesbaden AB, Germany     Martin-Baker Mk.5
CW3 R. R. Stevens  E6 J. W. Armstrong Martin-Baker Mk.5
USA Grumman RV-1D Mohawk Sn. 64-14238 crashed in Germany. On a day-instrument flight, during the take-off sequence the aircraft was struck by a flock of birds shortly after lift-off from the runway. The No. 1 [left] engine subsequently failed. The pilot unable to maintain altitude and airspeed elected to eject. The aircraft impacted on the ground 700 metres west of runway 26. The pilot and technical observer, CW3 R. R. Stevens and E6 J. W. Armstrong, landed aproximately 25 metres from the aircraft. Both were evacuated by ground ambulance to hospital[USlisting] & [sj/ 5369 & 5370]
10th December 1984
USA
OV-1B Mohawk 64-14253
C 12-77
3rd MI CO KOREA     Martin-Baker Mk.5
CW3 J. T. Bailey E4 J. Zellmar Martin-Baker Mk.5

USA Grumman RV-1D Mohawk Sn. 64-14253 crashed in KS [?]. While on a service mission the pilot lowered the aircraft from a climb at 3,100ft. MSL and 165 KIAS. The No.2 engine lost power, exploded and the aircrft rolled right uncontrollably. Both the Technical Observer and Pilot ejected after the right roll exceded 90 degrees. Both CW3 J. T. Bailey and E4 J. Zellmar's ejections were successful and the aircraft exploded upon impact at the edge of a small village.

Can anyone confirm the crew ???

 

10th May 1985
USA
OV-1 Mohawk           Martin-Baker Mk.5
MM P. Tucker E6 D. W. Margraitz Martin-Baker Mk.5

USA Grumman OV-1D Mohawk Sn. 62-05899 crashed in Arizona, USA. During the take-off climb the pilot determined that one of the engines was going into compressor stall. Not being able to identify the proper engine he reduced power on both engines then reapplied power. Hearing the compressor stall again he reduced power on both engines then reapplied power to the No. 1 engine, then reduced No.1 and reapplied to No. 2. No. 2 came on line and the pilot jettisoned the wing stores. The No. 2 engine stalled. The pilot told the T.O to eject then ejected himself. Both crew,  E6 D. W. Margraitz and Mr. P. Tucker ejected receiving only minor injuries.

13th July 1985
USA
OV-1 Mohawk 61-2686 158th MI Bn Ga ARNG Winder, GA     Martin-Baker Mk.5
1.Lt. Michael P. Bishop ejected (lower handle) - minor scratches CW-4 Phil Parish unsuccessful ejection (upper handle)  

USA Grumman OV-1C Mohawk Sn. 61-02686 crashed in Georgia, USA. While on a training mission at approximately 200ft. AGL after take-off with the pilot at the controls, the instructor pilot simulated an engine failure. The pilot took corrective action.However the airspeed became too low for continued flight. The IP took over the controls but the aorspeed and altitude continued to decay and the aircraft began to roll to the left. The pilot, 1st Lt. M. P. Bishop, ejected followed closely by the Instructor Pilot whose ejection was unsuccessful, ejected into the ground prior to parachute deployment. .

 

28th February 1991
Gulf Conflict

USA
RV-1D Mohawk 68-15962 2nd Military Intelligence Battalion
(2d MI Bn) out of Stuttgart, German
Crashed while landing. Both crew egressed safely on the ground. No ejections     Martin-Baker Mk.5
CW3 John Adaway
pilot
SFC Dwayne Brightwell
Technical Observer
Martin-Baker Mk.5
28th February 1991
Gulf Conflict

USA
RV-1D Mohawk 64-14273
C 8-78
2nd Military Intelligence Battalion
(2d MI Bn) out of Stuttgart, Germany
Two aircraft could not land  obscured due to smoke from burning oil fields.  First one crashed on runway thereby closing it and causing fuel starvation in the other one
                               via Attila Barandi
Martin-Baker Mk.5
Capt. Attila Barandi
pilot

planned ejection
SPC Steve Littleton
Technical Observer planned ejection
Martin-Baker Mk.5
Both crew made planned ejection after they were vectored to the ejection area and cleaned up the cockpit. Pilot sustained stained stomach muscles and back. Admitted to the 12th Evacuation hospital for evaluation and treatment. He was released 2 days later to full duty. T.O. received minor facial injuries.

 

21st December 1994
USA
RV-1D Mohawk 64-14271
C 7-78
3rd MI CO Crashed in Osan, Korea     Martin-Baker Mk.5
Lt. COL R. G. Leyden ejected - minor injuries PF.C S. L. Lipscomb ejected - minore injuries Martin-Baker Mk.5
While in a wings-level at 1,000 - 1,500ft per minute descent from 16,000ft MSL the power on both engines reduced to 23 percent torque. The aircraft did not respond to pilot's attempts to increase power. With the cockpit illuminated by numerous Master Caution lights the crew elected to eject. The TO [Technical Observer] ejected at 1,000ft and the PC [Pilot-in-Command] ejected at 800ft.

page last updated: Monday, 02 January 2012 02:31

                 
  http://www.virtualwall.org/dm/MorganLE01a.htm
 

A Note from The Virtual Wall

Major Lowell Edward Morgan and SP4 Robert Bruce De Mello were fatally injured when their OV-1C (tail number 61-2715) crashed into the side of Gia Ray Mountain during a period of darkness and inclement weather.

 

  http://www.virtualwall.org/dg/GraffePL01a.htm
On 03 October 1969 1Lt Paul L. Graffe, pilot, and PFC Kenneth L. Cunningham, observer departed Phu Hiep, South Vietnam, in an OV1-C Mohawk aircraft (tail number 61-02679) on an early-evening surveillance mission in the northwestern portion of Military Region 2 near the tri-border area of Cambodia, Laos and South Vietnam.
   
  http://www.virtualwall.org/dl/LafayetteJW01a.htm
 
On 06 April 1966 a section of OV-1 Mohawk aircraft departed Hue/Phu Bai on a reconnaissance mission in Laos. The two aircraft were assigned to the 20th Air Surveillance and Targeting Detachment (20th ASTA) and were crewed by
  • OV-1A tail number 63-13116
    • Captain Harry Duensing, pilot, and
    • SP4 Larry Johnson, observer

     
  • OV-1A tail number 63-13117
    • Captain James W. Gates, pilot, and
    • Captain John W. Lafayette, observer